Classificação das Lacunas do Direito

574
3335

Classificação das lacunas segundo Maria Helena Diniz:

Lacuna normativa: há ausência de norma prevista para um determinado caso concreto.

Lacuna ontológica: há presença de norma para o caso concreto, mas que não tenha eficácia social. AUSÊNCIA DE EFICÁCIA SOCIAL.

Lacuna axiológica: há presença de norma para o caso concreto, mas cuja aplicação seja insatisfatória ou injusta. AUSÊNCIA DE JUSTIÇA.

Lacuna de conflito ou antinomia: choque de duas ou mais normas válidas, pendente de solução no caso concreto. 

QUESTÃO ERRADA: Por ser uma Constituição analítica, a CF não admite lacuna de nenhuma espécie.

INCORRETA. Em verdade a CF/1988 é realmente classificada como analítica (extensa/prolixa), pois veicula em seu texto uma gama matérias, todavia, o erro está em falar que ela não admite lacuna, já que é plenamente possível.

QUESTÃO ERRADA: São lacunas do direito: a normativa, a ontológica, a axiológica e a antinômica.

1º – não existe lacunas do direito: É necessário distinguir ‘lacunas da lei’ (FORMAL) e ‘lacunas do direito’ (MATERIAL) – para parte da doutrina, existem lacunas apenas na lei e não no Direito, pois neste haverá sempre uma solução para o caso concreto (não é pacífico na doutrina).


2º – antinomia não está inserida na classificação das lacunas: Antinomia x Lacuna: são opostos*. Lacuna – há ausência de lei; Antinomia – várias leis regulando o mesmo fato. Assim, para Maria Helena Diniz, são tipos de lacuna:1ª) normativa, quando se tiver ausência de norma sobre determinado caso; 2ª) ontológica, se houver norma, mas ela não corresponder aos fatos sociais, (por exemplo, o grande desenvolvimento das relações sociais e o progresso técnico acarretarem o ancilosamento da norma positiva); e 3ª) axiológica, no caso de ausência de norma justa, ou seja, quando existe um preceito normativo, mas, se for aplicado, sua solução será insatisfatória ou injusta.


*Todavia, já vi classificação onde antinomia também é chamada de lacuna: LACUNA = lacuna de omissão ou legal; ANTINOMIA = lacuna de conflito ou colisão.

Diniz (DINIZ, Maria Helena. As lacunas no direito, 2002, p. 95.) menciona que: “ante a consideração dinâmica do direito e a concepção multifária do sistema jurídico, que abrange um subsistema de normas, de fatos e de valores, (…) três são as principais espécies de lacunas: 1ª) normativa, quando se tiver ausência de norma sobre determinado caso; 2ª) ontológica, se houver norma, mas ela não corresponder aos fatos sociais, (por exemplo, o grande desenvolvimento das relações sociais e o progresso técnico acarretarem o ancilosamento da norma positiva); e 3ª) axiológica, no caso de ausência de norma justa, ou seja, quando existe um preceito normativo, mas, se for aplicado, sua solução será insatisfatória ou injusta”

QUESTÃO ERRADA: Ocorre lacuna ontológica na lei quando existe texto legal para a solução do caso concreto, mas esse texto contraria os princípios que regem a própria justiça.

INCORRETA. Há lacuna ontológica ocorre quando existe a norma, mas não tem eficácia social. A alternativa trouxe a definição de lacuna axiológica, a qual consiste em “presença de norma para o caso concreto, mas cuja aplicação seja insatisfatória ou injusta”, por isso a questão está errada.

Lacuna ontológica: presença de norma para o caso concreto, mas que não tenha eficácia social.

QUESTÃO CERTA: A lacuna ontológica pressupõe a existência de norma para regular o caso concreto, sem, entretanto, eficácia social.

QUESTÃO CERTA: Conforme entendimento doutrinário acerca da interpretação do texto constitucional, é possível afirmar que na lacuna axiológica: há uma solução normativa formal para o problema, mas o intérprete a tem como insatisfatória, porque percebe que a norma não levou em conta uma característica do caso que tem perante si, a qual, se levada em consideração, conduziria a outro desfecho.

Advertisement

LACUNA AXIOLÓGICA: Ausência de norma justa, isto é, existe um preceito normativo, mas, se for aplicado, sua solução será insatisfatória ou injusta. 

LACUNA DE CONFLITO: Antinomia real que se apresenta no caso de duas normas contraditórias se excluírem reciprocamente, obrigando o órgão judicante a solucionar o caso sub judice, segundo os critérios de preenchimento de lacunas. Mas, para que se tenha presente essa antinomia é mister três elementos: incompatibilidade, indeclinabilidade e necessidade de decisão. Só haverá lacuna de conflito se, após a interpretação adequada das normas, a incompatibilidade entre elas perdurar (Klug; Ferraz Jr.). É denominada por Ziembinski de “lacuna lógica”. 

LACUNA INTENCIONAL: se dá parte do legislador houve o propósito de não mencionar particularizadamente certa matéria, por julgá-la inoportuna ou desinteressante no momento. 

LACUNA INVOLUNTÁRIA: quando independentemente da vontade do legiferante a omissão se deu.

LACUNA DE LEGE FERENDA: A lacuna do ponto de vista de um futuro direito mais perfeito. Também chamada lacuna político-jurídica, crítica ou imprópria, pois pode motivar o legislador a reformular o direito, por ser injusto ou por ter caído em desuso (Engisch).

LACUNA DE LEGE LATA: A lacuna no direito vigente, sendo por isso considerada autêntica (Zitelmann e Engisch).

LACUNA NORMATIVA: Ausência de norma que regule certo caso. 

LACUNA ONTOLÓGICA: Ausência de norma correspondente aos fatos sociais, em razão de o grande desenvolvimento das relações sociais e do progresso técnico terem acarretado o ancilosamento daquela norma. Trata-se da ausência de norma eficaz socialmente; Inadequação da ordem jurídica quanto ao “ser”

LACUNA ORIGINÁRIA: Aquela que já existe no nascimento da lei.

LACUNA POSTERIOR: Aquela que aparece posteriormente, ou em virtude de uma modificação nas situações de fato ou do sistema de valores pertinentes à ordem jurídica (Engisch). 

LACUNA TÉCNICA: Ausência pura e simples de uma regulamentação. Dá-se quando o legislador se omitir de ditar norma indispensável à aplicação de outra (Kelsen; Foriers; Conte). 

574 COMENTÁRIOS

  1. Thanks, I have recently been searching for info about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I have found out till now. However, what concerning the bottom line? Are you positive concerning the supply?

  2. I do not even know how I finished up here, however I assumed thissubmit was good. I do not realize who you’re but certainlyyou are going to a famous blogger when you are not already.Cheers!Here is my blog afqt exam, Emmett,

  3. I do consider all of the ideas you have offered to your post. They’re really convincing and will certainly work. Still, the posts are too quick for newbies. Could you please extend them a little from subsequent time? Thanks for the post.

  4. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added”checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four e-mails with the same comment.Is there any way you can remove me from that service?Many thanks!

  5. Hey are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you require any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  6. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  7. Hi there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knewwhere I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?I’m using the same blog platform as yoursand I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!Visit my blog เว็บวาไรตี้

  8. A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment. I believe that you ought to write more about this subject, it might not be a taboo matter but usually folks don’t talk about such issues. To the next! Kind regards!!

  9. บาคาร่า เว็บพนันบอลออนไล์ที่ซึ่งพูดได้ว่าเจ๋งสุดขณะนี้เลยก็ได้เพราะเหตุว่าเป็นเว็บไซต์ที่ถูกเอ่ยถึงมากบนโลกออนไลน์ ในด้านการเงินได้รับการยินยอมรับแล้วว่ามีความมั่นคงสูง และยังมีการปรับปรุงระบบอยู่ตลอดเพื่อให้สมาชิกได้เข้าใช้งานอย่างไม่มีสะดุดเลยครับ

  10. Oh my goodness! a tremendous article dude. Thanks Nevertheless I’m experiencing subject with ur rss . Don’t know why Unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody getting identical rss drawback? Anybody who knows kindly respond. Thnkx

  11. When I originally commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now every time a remark is added I get four emails with the identical comment. Is there any method you’ll be able to remove me from that service? Thanks!

  12. In addition to being won from the twisting blades, the balance dick as well was incorrect with this standard as it acquired the actual red coloured tattoos generally seen on any 6106 or perhaps 6119 calibre, so that way too might need to changed.

  13. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author. I will remember to bookmark your blog and will come back in the foreseeable future. I want to encourage continue your great posts, have a nice afternoon!

  14. ตอนต้นผมว่าเว็บไหนก็แบบเดียวกัน เพราะเข้าไปก็พบเกมเดิมๆถึงแม้เอาเข้าจริงๆมันต่างกันขอรับ ยิ่งเว็บไหนที่เวลาฝากถอนจะต้องผ่านข้าราชการอันนี้ผมเกลียดชังสุดเลย เสียเวล่ำเวลา ส่วนตัวผมว่า UFABET ดีสุดเลยนะครับ เค้าใช้ระบบอัตโนมัติ

  15. Glucofort Blood Sugar Support is an all-natural dietary formula that works to support healthy blood sugar levels. It also supports glucose metabolism. According to the manufacturer, this supplement can help users keep their blood sugar levels healthy and within a normal range with herbs, vitamins, plant extracts, and other natural ingredients. https://glucofortbuynow.us/

  16. Prostadine is a dietary supplement meticulously formulated to support prostate health, enhance bladder function, and promote overall urinary system well-being. Crafted from a blend of entirely natural ingredients, Prostadine draws upon a recent groundbreaking discovery by Harvard scientists. This discovery identified toxic minerals present in hard water as a key contributor to prostate issues. https://prostadinebuynow.us/

  17. I don’t even understand how I finished up right here, however I believed this post was once great. I don’t understand who you’re but certainly you are going to a well-known blogger if you happen to aren’t already Cheers!

  18. Island Post is the website for a chain of six weekly newspapers that serve the North Shore of Nassau County, Long Island published by Alb Media. The newspapers are comprised of the Great Neck News, Manhasset Times, Roslyn Times, Port Washington Times, New Hyde Park Herald Courier and the Williston Times. Their coverage includes village governments, the towns of Hempstead and North Hempstead, schools, business, entertainment and lifestyle. https://islandpost.us/

  19. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer to create your theme? Excellent work!

  20. เล่นมาก็หลายเว็บไซต์มาจบที่เว็บไซต์ UFABET นะครับช่วงแรกก็ไม่แน่ใจนะครับ ก็ลองๆไป แต่ที่สุดแล้วผมว่ามาเว็บไซต์นี้คือจบเลยจริงๆเกมมาก ระบบดี ฝากถอนง่าย ฝ่ายดูแลลูกค้าดีแล้ว โปรโมชั่นก็มากมาย ตอบปัญหามากมายครับ อย่างนี้ล่ะที่สังคมอยาก

  21. We are professional wholesale dealer of jerseys, focused in supplying Wholesale Jerseys and personalized jerseys. Jerseys with 100 stitched authentic quality, all Figures, Logos and Names are sewn upon and embroidered.wholesale nfl jerseys supply

  22. บาคาร่าออนไลน์จะต้องยกให้เป็นที่สุดของเกมไพ่ออนไลน์เลยครับ ด้วยเหตุว่าเข้าใจง่ายไม่สลับซับซ้อนที่

  23. I blog frequently and I truly appreciate your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  24. Hey there are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and set up my own. Do you require any coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  25. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and noweach time a comment is added I get several e-mails with the samecomment. Is there any way you can remove me from thatservice? Bless you!

  26. Pretty component of content. I simply stumbled upon yourblog and in accession capital to claim thatI get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.Anyway I’ll be subscribing for your feeds or even I fulfillment you get admission to constantly fast.

  27. Thank you for some other wonderful post. Where else may anybody get that type of information in such an idealmeans of writing? I have a presentation subsequent week,and I’m on the search for such information.

  28. อะไรเยอะแยะเกี่ยวกับเกมเดิมพันนั้นๆแล้วเข้าไปวางทุนเดิมพันเพื่อเล่น ก็ไม่ต่างอะไรกับแมงเม่าบินเข้ากองไฟ และอาจสร้างความพ่ายแพ้++++

  29. What’s Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & assist different customers like its aided me. Great job.

  30. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s truly informative. I?m gonna watch out for brussels. I will appreciate if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  31. PG SLOT เป็น สล็อตออนไลน์ ที่กำลังมาแรงอันดับ 1 กำลังได้รับความนิยม อย่างล้นหลาม เล่นกันเยอะที่สุดในปี 2021 pgสล็อต ถูกพัฒนามา จากบริษัท PG SOFT ณ ปัจจุบันมี เกมสล็อต ให้ได้เลือกเล่นกว่า 200 เกม ผู้พัฒนาเกมนั้น ได้นำเสนอ รูปแบบเกมสล็อต ที่แปลกใหม่

  32. Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you can be agreat author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely willcome back down the road. I want to encourage you continueyour great writing, have a nice morning!

  33. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However Iam experiencing issues with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I cannot join it.Is there anybody having similar RSS problems? Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond?Thanx!!

  34. Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However I am encountering issues with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I can’t join it. Is there anybody getting similar RSS issues? Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  35. Aw, this was an extremely nice post. Taking the time and actual effort to generate a good articleÖ but what can I sayÖ I procrastinate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

  36. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share. Thanks!

  37. An attention-grabbing discussion is worth comment. I feel that it’s best to write more on this matter, it won’t be a taboo topic however generally persons are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  38. Do you have a spam issue on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was curious about your situation; we have developed some nice methods and we are looking to swap strategies with other folks, be sure to shoot me an e-mail if interested.

  39. Can I just say what a reduction to search out someone who truly is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You positively know tips on how to carry a problem to light and make it important. Extra people have to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre no more well-liked since you positively have the gift.

  40. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing on your feed and I hope you write once more very soon!

  41. I’ve been exploring for a bit for any high quality articles or blog posts in this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i’m happy to show that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I found out just what I needed. I most unquestionably will make certain to do not fail to remember this web site and give it a glance regularly.

  42. Somebody necessarily lend a hand to make seriously posts I’d state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this point? I surprised with the research you made to create this actual submit incredible. Great process!

  43. I’m not sure where you’re getting your information, but good topic.I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more.Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for thisinformation for my mission.

  44. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning this blog. I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own blog now

  45. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I’m inspired! Extremely useful info specifically the closing section I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this particular info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  46. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now eachtime a comment is added I get four emails with the samecomment. Is there any way you can remove people from thatservice? Thanks!

DEIXE UMA RESPOSTA

Por favor digite seu comentário!
Por favor, digite seu nome aqui